40924thumbSome of the most convenient bird feeders in the garden are some of the many plants we grow. Since so many plants exploit the birds as much as they get exploited by the birds, they naturally produce something that the birds want, when they want it. Right now, meaty seeds cater to migratory birds that need to plump up to travel, hoping that some of the seeds get dropped elsewhere or buried for later (hence ‘sown’ if forgotten, as they often are).

Since the climate is so mild, there is always something blooming to provide nectar for both migrating and overwintering hummingbirds, which inadvertently pollinate the flowers that feed them. Later in the winter, colorful berries feed hungry overwintering birds, in exchange for the dispersion of the small seeds within. (Digestion of the seeds does not harm them, and promotes germination.) Robins do not seem to do much for the garden, but certainly do enjoy digging for worms in unraked leaf litter.

Those who enjoy birds often intentionally plant pyracantha or cotoneaster to provide berries for birds in winter. Various salvias that bloom at various times likewise make nectar for hummingbirds. Fading sunflowers can be left out this time of year until birds that eat the seeds are finished with them. Alternatively, bird feeders can actually provide more food, and extend the seasons through which such food is available. Suet feeders provide something that plants can not provide.

The problem with plants or bird feeders that attract birds is that they can also attract less desirable guests. Squirrels and rats are the worst. Some bird feeders can be protected with exclusion devices. Cats have no interest in the plants or bird feeders, but can be a serious problem for the birds, and are not so easy to dissuade. Fortunately, hawks are rarely a threat in urban gardens, especially where there are trees to inhibit their hunting from above.

Contrary to popular belief, providing food to migratory birds does not interfere with natural migration. Cooling weather and shorter days are enough to convince birds to leave. The extra food actually helps them on their way once they get going. It also helps those that naturally stay here through winter. Some birds actually migrate to here from colder regions to the north. With winters so mild, there is no need to go any further.


6 thoughts on “Gardening For The Birds

  1. And providing food, water, and a few plants in pots is something even people without a square inch of land can do on apartment balconies and so on. It doesn’t take long for birds, especially, to discover the welcoming bit of refuge, and take advantage of it.

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    1. When I lived in town, I cut a few sunflowers from down low where I thought no one would notice, but the finches noticed when I put them in a big vase in the middle of the table in the dining room. I came home from work to find them partying in there. What a mess!


  2. It is true about migration. Even though our local birds, such as cardinals don’t migrate, they seem to find a different source of food in the Fall, but will come back to the feeders in the winter. Ruby-throated hummingbirds stop by our feeders, but all that sugar is not enough to keep them here.

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    1. Hummingbirds seem to be very intent on their own routine. Everyone who knows them makes the same observation. So many of the birds that adapt to urban situations are so much more relaxed about any schedule they or their ancestors had before moving to town. Pigeons are the worst.

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    1. Our squirrels are too busy with acorns and redwood cones to take all of the berries. They take some of the elderberries that the doves don’t take. As much as I dislike squirrels, I would prefer that they take the cotoneaster berries before the turkeys make such a mess of them.

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