Jalapeno peppers are harvested before ripening.

Pecan is the State Tree of Texas. Bluebonnet is the State Flower of Texas. Less natively, jalapeno pepper, Capsicum annuum, is the State Pepper of Texas. It is naturalized there from Central and South America. Jalapeno pepper is merely one of countless varieties of the species though. Furthermore, it comprises several and various culinary subvarieties.

Jalapeno pepper typically grows as a warm season annual vegetable. It has potential to be perennial. Overwintering is likely more work than annual replacement though. Mature plants can grow almost three feet tall. They may produce nearly two dozen fruits through summer. They crave sunny and warm exposure, rather rich soil, and consistent watering.

Mature fruits, or jalapeno chile peppers, are firm and crisp. They should be between two and four inches long, and as wide as an inch and a half. Their smooth and glossy skin is deep green, but can ripen to red, orange or rarely yellow. Red fruit is preferable for some culinary application. Jalapeno pepper may be the most familiar of the ‘hot’ chile peppers.

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6 thoughts on “Jalapeno Pepper

  1. I grow purple jalapenos that start out dark purple and turn a nice red when they’re ripe. Purple flowers, even some purple on the stems. The whole plant is pretty and they have some good heat.

    Liked by 1 person

      1. Yes, they get good and hot when they’re ripe. It’s a very pretty plant all summer, with the purple flowers and dark shiny peppers and then they get bright red when ripe.

        Liked by 1 person

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